How Casinos Make Their Money


A casino, also known as a gaming establishment or gambling house, is a place where people can gamble by playing games of chance for money or other items. Modern casinos often combine gambling with entertainment and are a major source of revenue for their owners. They typically feature musical shows, lighted fountains and elaborate hotels. The large profits generated by these facilities make them popular tourist destinations. In this article, we’ll take a look at how casinos earn their money, what kinds of games are played and how people are persuaded to gamble.

How Casinos Make Their Money

A few casinos have a high enough advantage over their patrons to turn a profit, but most of them lose money. The reason is that most casino games have built in mathematical advantages for the house. These advantages can be very small, as little as two percent of the money wagered, but they add up over millions of bets and make a huge difference in the bottom line. A percentage of all bets is taken by the casino as a commission, called the vig or rake, and this reduces the amount of money that the player wins. It is for this reason that casinos spend so much time, energy and money on security.

Besides the obvious surveillance systems, casinos use technology to monitor their game rooms and the behavior of their patrons. This technology includes “chip tracking,” where betting chips are connected to electronic systems that allow casinos to oversee the amounts wagered minute by minute and be warned of any abnormal deviations from expected results; and roulette wheels and dice tables that are electronically monitored regularly to discover any tampering or wheel-spinning. Casinos also employ mathematicians and computer programmers who specialize in gaming analysis.

Something about gambling seems to encourage people to cheat or steal. This probably isn’t surprising to anyone who has visited a casino, or watched a Hollywood movie about one. There are plenty of security measures in place to keep the bad guys out, but it isn’t easy to stop them. For example, security cameras monitor every angle of the gambling floor and can zoom in on a suspicious patron from miles away. These high-tech systems help, but there are always crooks who will try to find a way to beat the system.

Originally, casinos were places where the upper class and royalty came to play. The elegant spa town of Baden-Baden in Germany was a playground for European royalty and the aristocracy 150 years ago, and its casino still ranks as one of the world’s finest. Today, it attracts a more diverse crowd of visitors. Although some people come to gamble, most visit a casino for the entertainment and the excitement. The majority of visitors are women between the ages of forty and fifty, with above-average incomes and more leisure time. But the dark side of casinos isn’t always evident, and some visitors have been harmed as a result.